Document Type : Original Article
Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Nikan Education and Research Center, Tehran, Iran
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis is associated with changes in quality of life (QoL). The present study intended to evaluate the QoL and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in individuals with chronic rhinosinusitis who were candidate for functional endoscopic sinus surgery. To determine the Quality of Life and the risk of sleep apnea in cases with chronic Rhinosinusitis.
Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients with drug-resistant chronic rhinosinusitis candidate for functional endoscopic sinus surgery referred to the ENT clinic of Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran were recruited. SNOT-22 and STOP-BANG questionnaires were filled before the surgery.
Results: The mean SNOT-22 score was 40.44, with a standard deviation of 19.27 (ranged from 1 to 94). Also, according to the STOP-BANG questionnaire, 62% of participants were at increased risk of OSA. Based on the cut-off point of 30 for the SNOT-22 score (either larger or lower than 30), patients were categorized into two groups. Sixty-eight percent of participants were categorized in ≥ 30 SNOT-22 score. Age below 50, female gender, and those at high risk of OSA were associated with lower QoL.
Conclusion: Most patients with chronic rhinosinusitis had a low QoL and were mostly at increased risk of OSA. Being women younger than 50 years and the presence of OSA probably are associated with lower QoL in these patients.