School of Management and Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Departments of Community Based Education of Health Sciences, School of Management and Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of mortality worldwide. It is also the leading cause of death in HIV-positive patients. In this study, we aimed to assess the educational needs of general practitioners regarding tuberculosis in the North Health Center of Tehran, Iran. Materials and Methods: This quantitative and qualitative study was conducted in 2017. In the quantitative phase, 31 general practitioners from the North Health Center of Tehran were included. The educational needs assessment was performed using the knowledge assessment and self-assessment scales. Data were entered in SPSS version 21 and analyzed using descriptive tests and Pearson’s correlation coefficient test. In the qualitative phase, data were collected by interviewing six managers of tuberculosis monitoring program and analyzed using the content analysis method. Results: The mean score of the knowledge assessment scale was 22.8±6.4. The most and the least important educational needs were related to treatment and general information about tuberculosis, respectively. Moreover, tuberculosis treatment and general information about tuberculosis were the most and the least important educational needs in the self-assessment scale, respectively. There was a poor correlation between the mean scores of self-assessment scale and knowledge assessment scale regarding tuberculosis prevention (P=0.01, r=0.27). Also, a moderate correlation was found regarding tuberculosis screening (P=0.001, r=0.56). However, no significant correlation was found in terms of general information (P=0.31), diagnosis (P=0.43), and treatment (P=0.29) of tuberculosis. Five major themes were extracted in the qualitative phase of the study, including “training time”, “educational content”, “educational references”, “teaching method”, and “organizational factors”. Conclusion: An appropriate educational program should be developed for general practitioners in form of continuing education and educational reform.