Document Type : Original Article
Student Research Committee, Faculty of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Department of Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Allergy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Non-Communicable Pediatric Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Amirkola Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
Department of Health Information Sciences, Faculty of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Department of Health Information Technology, School of Paramedical, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Background: As a common disease among people of almost any age, allergic rhinitis has many adverse effects such as lowering the quality of life and efficiency at work or school. Considering these conditions and the collection of large amounts of data, the present research was conducted on allergic rhinitis and asthma patients' data to extract the common symptoms of these diseases using cluster analysis and the k-means algorithm.
Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional research was conducted in Mashhad city. The inclusion criteria were affliction with one or two respiratory allergy diseases diagnosed by an allergy specialist through clinical history taking and physical examination. A researcher-made checklist was used in the present study for data collection. Then, the K-means algorithm's cluster analysis model was conducted to extract clusters (WEKA software (3, 6, 9)).
Results: Overall, 1,231 patients met the inclusion criteria. The result of the Cluster analysis consisted of
1: Cluster 1 in allergic rhinitis consisted of 702 patients, and cluster 2 consisted of 382 patients.
2: 46 asthma patients were assigned to cluster 1 and 23 to cluster 2.
3: Also, 60 asthma and allergic rhinitis patients were assigned to cluster 1 and 19 to cluster 2. The most common symptoms in all patients were rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal congestion, and itchy nose.
Conclusion: Overall, Salsola kali was the most common allergen in allergic rhinitis and asthma patients. Also, the most common symptoms in patients are rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchy nose, and nasal congestion. This study can help physicians diagnose allergic rhinitis and asthma in geographical areas with a high prevalence of Salsola kali.