Document Type : Original Article
Department of Pediatrics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Department of Anesthesia, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the most common type of nosocomial infection in ICUs. Hence, this study shall focus on the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with this infection among ICU patients.
Materials and Methods: The current research is a prospective descriptive-analytical study. The study population included patients admitted to the Tertiary Referral Hospital of Kerman University of Medical Sciences who were enrolled in the study according to inclusion criteria and demographic characteristics data, length of stay in ICU and general wards, and direct and indirect medical expenses such as unemployment and rehabilitation cost, etc.
Results: Nine of the 144 patients studied died. (4 in the Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) group and 5 in the non-VAP group). Among them, the prevalence of Acinetobacter Baumannii was significantly higher than other bacteria (P-Value=0.001). The duration of hospitalization in the ICU (18±9 vs. 9.5±6 days) and recovery time (21.6±9 9.6 vs. 13.2±7 days) were higher in the VAP group (P-Value<0.05). Moreover, the duration of hospitalization in the general ward was 15.4±8 days in the VAP group and 10.6±6 days in the non-VAP group (P-Value<0.05). The cost of treatment in the VAP group ($7952.28) was significantly higher than in the non-infected group ($4400.98). The average rehabilitation cost in the VAP group was $2571.42 and in the non-affected group was $1530.88. The financial loss due to the delay in work starting was $482 in the non-VAP group which was significantly less than the VAP group ($792).
Conclusion: Having VAP can significantly increase mortality, length of stay in the ICU as well as increase direct and indirect costs for patients.