Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy on the Quality of Life of Patients with Lung Cancer

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Consulting, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Alameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran Iran.


Background: Lung cancer is one of the most common and life-threatening cancers in men around the world. Therefore, it is important to pay particular attention to the psychological status of patients with lung cancer due to their greater vulnerability during treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on the quality of life of patients with lung cancer.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study, with a pretest-posttest design and a three-month follow-up, was conducted in the summer of 2019. Thirty patients with lung cancer, who were referred to Masih Daneshvari Hospital in Tehran, Iran, were selected through purposive sampling and randomly assigned to experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. In the pretest stage, the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was completed by both groups. The experimental group received mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy for eight sessions, while the control group did not receive any intervention. In the posttest stage, both groups were examined again, and data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 by repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results: The findings showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups after mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy. In other words, the mean score of quality of life increased in the experimental group as compared to the control group (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy in increasing the quality of life of patients with lung cancer was confirmed. Therefore, psychological screening is suggested to improve the quality of life of patients by taking advantage of clinical trials and appropriate intervention models during medical treatment.


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