Document Type : Original Article
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Background: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases that cause respiratory problems. Different training programs can effectively alleviate its symptoms and minimize the complications. This study aimed to determine the effect of a training program on asthma control.
Materials and Methods: This interventional study was performed on patients referred to clinics affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Cases were selected by convenience sampling and divided into two intervention and control groups, each consisting of 29 patients. Before the training program, data were collected using an asthma control questionnaire and a spirometry test, and they were analyzed using statistical tests and software.
Results: The results showed that after the intervention, the mean of all spirometry test indices and asthma control scores of the questionnaire increased in the experimental group. Alterations in the mean scores of the clinical manifestations and spirometry indices (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, and FEF25%-75%) before and after the intervention in the experimental group were significant. After the intervention, all spirometry indices were increased in the experimental group compared to the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed the effectiveness of teach-back training in managing asthmatic patients. Therefore, this intervention can be used as an effective method to control asthma along with other methods such as exercise and medications.