Document Type : Review Article
Department of Health Information Technology and Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medical Library and Information Science, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Information Technology and Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Considering the increased prevalence of asthma and its consequences for individuals and society, its effective management and close monitoring is essential. Awareness of the effects of telemedicine can improve asthma management. The present study aimed to systematically review articles examining the effect of telemedicine on the management of asthma, including control of the symptom, patients’ quality of life, costs, and adherence to treatment programs.
Materials and Methods: A systematic search was performed on four databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus. English language clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of telemedicine in asthma management published from 2005 to 2018 were selected and retrieved. The present study was designed and conducted based on the PRISMA guidelines.
Results: Out of 33 articles included in this research, telemedicine was employed by 23 studies for the promotion of patient adherence to treatment in the form of reminders and feedback, by 18 for telemonitoring and communicating with healthcare providers, by six for offering remote patient education, and by five for counseling. The most frequently used telemedicine approach was asynchronous (used in 21 articles), and the most commonly utilized tool was Web-based (utilized in 11 articles).
Conclusion: Telemedicine can improve symptom control, patients’ quality of life, and adherence to treatment programs. However, little evidence exists confirming the effectiveness of telemedicine in decreasing costs.