Document Type : Review Article
Mycobacteriology Research Center (MRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technology in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the cause of tuberculosis in humans and is responsible for more than 2 million deaths per year. Despite the development of anti-tuberculosis drugs (Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol, pyrazinamide, streptomycin, etc.) and the TB vaccine, this disease has claimed the lives of many people around the world. Drug resistance in this disease is increasing day by day. Conventional methods for discovering and developing drugs are usually time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, a better method is needed to identify, design, and manufacture TB drugs without drug resistance. Bioinformatics applications in obtaining new drugs at the structural level include studies of the mechanism of drug resistance, detection of drug interactions, and prediction of mutant protein structure. In the present study, computer-based approaches including molecular dynamics simulation and molecular docking as a novel and efficient method for the identification and investigation of new cases as well as the investigation of mutated proteins and compounds will be examined.