Lung Transplantation Research Center(LTRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran , Iran,
Tracheal Diseases Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.
Most authors believe that the optimal treatment for pulmonary hydatid cyst is surgery. Albendazole has been used as a prophylactic measure for reducing recurrence rate but there are some controversies about this strategy. Some researchers have described the increased risk of spontaneous rupture of cysts following albendazole treatment. In this case report, we present a case of spontaneous rupture of pulmonary hydatid cyst with fatal outcome that may be the adverse cause of albendazole.