Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumor


1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine,

2 Oncology Unit,

3 Department of Clinical Anatomical Pathology,

4 Department of Thoracic Surgery, NRITLD, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, TEHRAN-IRAN


Background: Pulmonary carcinoid tumor is a low-grade malignant neoplasm comprised of neuroendocrine cells. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features; radiological and bronchoscopic findings, as well as treatment in patients. Materials and Methods: The hospital records of 21 patients with pulmonary carciniod tumor, who admitted to NRITLD between 1995 and 2001, were evaluated. Results: 19 patients had typical and 2 had atypical carcinoid tumor. Male to female ratio was 1.1. The mean age ± SD was 39.33±16.31.Cough (80.9%) was the most common presenting symptom. 16 patients had abnormal chest radiography. The diagnosis was made using bronchoscopy and biopsy. Most of the tumors arose in main bronchi. Surgery with or without endobronchial laser therapy was the treatment of our patients. Lobectomy (47.3%) was the most common procedure. Conclusion: surgery with or without laser therapy has a favorable outcome in pulmonary carcinoid tumors. (Tanaffos 2002; 1(2): 51-56)