Visceral Leishmaniasis in Two Brothers; Diagnostic Dilemma Due to Hemophagocytic Syndrome


Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, NRITLD, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran , Iran.


Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL), a systemic infection of the reticuloendotherlial system, is caused by a parasitic infection. The co-occurrence of VL and hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) has been previously reported in several studies. In this report we present two cases of HPS and VL among members of the same family.