Pulmonary Mucormycosis in a Patient with Chronic Rejection of Kidney Transplant: A Case Report


1 Department of Infectious Diseases

2 Department of Internal Medicine,

3 Department of Pulmonary Medicine,

4 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Rasoul-e-Akram General Teaching Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Pulmonary mucormycosis is a rare but fatal condition that frequently occurs in immunocompromised patients. Correct diagnosis and rapid start of preferred antifungal treatment need clinical suspicion. Patient’s symptoms may be confluent with other conditions such as bacterial and other fungal infections. We present a case of pulmonary mucormycosis in a patient with end stage renal disease successfully treated with a long course of amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB) and upper lobectomy of the left lung despite of low pulmonary capacity.