Pneumomediastinum following Endobronchial Ultrasound– Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration: A Case Report


1 Respiratory Diseases Unit ,Hospital of Sestri Levante, Italy,

2 Respiratory Diseases Unit ,Hospital of Sestri Levante, Italy

3 Hygiene and Health Medicine Unit, Hospital of Sestri Levante, Italy


Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUSTBNA) is an effective and safe technique associated with a very low complication rate for the sampling of lymph nodes in those presenting with mediastinal and hilar adenopathy.” We report a rare case describing the development of pneumomediastinum following EBUS-TBNA in a young patient with mediastinal lymphadenopathy secondary to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Conservative treatment led to spontaneous resolution of the pneumomediastinum. Pneumomediastinum is a rare but possible complication of EBUS-TBNA. Careful follow-up can reduce its severity and the associated morbidity.