Document Type : Original Article
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Mostafa Khomaeini Hospital, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
School of Allied Medical Sciences, Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Clinical Research Development Unit, Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic illnesses in humans. Among both oral and intravenous diuretics, nebulizing furosemide (Lasix) is the most commonly used agent. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the therapeutic effects of nebulizing furosemide compared with placebo in the treatment of COPD using a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials.
Materials and Methods: This review was performed based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) protocol. The databases of Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus were independently searched by two researchers using MeSH keywords. Studies published between 2002 and 2018 in different parts of the world were considered. The meta-analysis was performed through STATA 14 software and the heterogeneity was assessed using Q statistic or I2 index.
Results: From 40 selected articles, 8 articles were finally included in the systematic review process. The analyses were performed considering two groups; nebulizing furosemide treatment (i.e. case) and placebo (i.e. control). Based on the forest plots, the average values of PaCO2 were 48.3 (39.04-57.56) and 46.56 (39.94 -53.18) in the case and control groups, respectively. Also, the mean forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) was 49 (31.32-66.67) and 46.87 (31.44-62.30) in the case and control groups, respectively. Meta-regression analysis showed that both heart and pulse rates in the nebulizing furosemide group decreased by increasing the year of study and sample size (P <0.001). The heterogeneity among the studies was found to be 72.2%, which is classified as severe heterogeneity.
Conclusion: nebulizing furosemide can improve and normalize the vital signs and other respiratory variables in patients with COPD.