Document Type : Original Article
Department of Pulmonology and Internal Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Cancer Control Research Center, Cancer Control Foundation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Tobacco Control Research Center (TCRC), Iranian Anti-tobacco Association, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Vice Chancellor Research Affair of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Chorionic Respiratory Disease Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: This study was done to determine the role of common variables, including age, gender, body mass index (BMI), rhinosinusitis, and smoking among a group of asthmatic and severe asthmatic patients in 2016.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out from mid-June to the end of September 2016. Of 678 patients with asthma referred to private asthma clinics in Tehran, 163 subjects were selected. Severe asthma (SA) cases were diagnosed according to the SA definition (severe shortness of breath, chest tightness or pain, and coughing or wheezing, low peak expiratory flow (PEF) using a peak flow meter, and more than two days of wheezing and coughing per week). Patients with the presence of concomitant diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, sleep apnea, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, as well as users of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were excluded.
According to the signs and symptoms and classic criteria of asthma, the subjects with SA were assigned to the case group and subjects with asthma to the control group. Besides, general information, including age, gender, BMI, smoking history, and the presence of Rhinosinusitis was collected.
Results: Of 163 subjects, 92 patients (56.4%) were in the control, and 71 patients (43.6%) in the case group. The rate of SA among 678 patients was 10.47%. The mean age of the case group was 49.08 ±11.66 and the control group was 50.05 ±15.65 years. There was a significant difference in BMI between the case and control groups (p=0.034), especially among females in the case group (p=0.001). BMI was significantly higher in females than in males (p=0.002). Also, smoking status was not significant between the case and control groups (p=0.751). Rhinosinusitis was significantly higher in the case groups compared with the control groups (p= .014).
Conclusion: Rhinosinusitis was higher in SA patients (case group). SA was more observed among females than males and those who were more overweight. It seems that rhinosinusitis and obesity are more important risk factors. Moreover, obese female patients require more serious attention.