Department of Thoracic Surgery,
Department of Pathology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, MASHHAD-IRAN.
Primary neurogenic tumors of trachea are extremely uncommon and account for only about 9% of all neoplasms of trachea. Tracheal schwannoma is among the rarest of them and there is no unanimity of opinion regarding its treatment. We report a 30 year-old woman with symptoms of airway obstruction due to primary tracheal schwannoma. She was suffering from cough and exertional dyspnea. She was admitted to the thoracic surgery ward with stridor and hemoptysis and underwent rigid bronchoscopy and biopsy. The patient then underwent primary tracheal resection and anastomosis through a cervicomediastinal approach. The diagnosis was made through histopathological examination as schwannoma. (Tanaffos2010; 9(4): 64-68)