Department of Pediatrics, NRITLD, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, NRITLD, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services,
Background: Asthma is among the most prevalent disease that may lead to both maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy. Low birth weight and prematurity have been shown to be associated with asthma in some studies. This study was designed to determine the association of asthma and pregnancy.
Materials and methods: 44 parturients with asthma exacerbation were eligible to be enrolled in this descriptive study. Variables including age, personal smoking, environmental tobacco smoke exposure, number of pregnancies, and maternal age at the time of pregnancy were all determined. Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) was performed before, after, and during the pregnancy; meanwhile, the fetal status was recorded.
Results: The mean age (± SD) of these women was 28.3 ± 5.8 years (range, 15-40). PFT has revealed asthma exacerbation during and after pregnancy in 36.4% and 15.9% of the participants respectively. Pregnancies were led to normal childbirth in 93.2%.
Conclusion: Multigravidity (≥3) was associated with postpartum symptom improvement. There was a significant correlation between maternal age of ≥30 and asthma exacerbation during and after the pregnancy. (Tanaffos 2002;1(1):50-54)