Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, Department of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Medical Director, Saint Helena Hospital ICU & Department of Respiratory Care, Napa, CA, USA
Tracheal Diseases Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder associated with major comorbidities. It is estimated that 5-35% of the adult population in Iran are at high risk for OSA. This review article is designed to assist sleep medicine specialists as well as general practitioners in Iran to screen for OSA. It summarizes empirical data for diagnosing OSA including history taking, physical examination, diagnostic testing, and diagnostic criteria with regards to existing sleep medicine centers and availability of diagnostic tests in Iran.